Review Historical Notes

Last updated on January 27th, 2023 at 03:15 am

The purpose of this page is to display all Historical Notes in one place.

The following Historical Notes are present:

Historical Note


Newspaper Clipping – Letter From Germany – September 14, 1942

Mrs. Elton Newman Forwards a Letter From War Prisoner Harry William Manchester to The Windsor Daily Star.

Mrs. Elton Newman Forwards a Letter From War Prisoner Harry William Manchester to The Windsor Daily Star.

Transcription:

EDITOR, The Windsor Star,


Sir: I have copied a letter from Cpl. Harry William Manchester, Stalag VIIIB, Germany, to Miss Onnellee Rewis [Reive], Kingsville [Ontario]. I wonder if you would please print it in your paper, so everyone may be thankful for all they’ve done for our brother while he is in Germany

MRS. ELTON NEWMAN, R.R.2, Ruthven, Ont.

    Dearest Onnellee:

This is my first chance to write you this month, so you can imagine how anxious I am to get at it. I have received quite a number of letters this month, also four Christmas cards. A lot of letters from you. I also received 1,000 cigarets from the Windsor Smokes Fund and received my first personal parcel February 11.

Please thank your grandmother and everyone else who has helped to make my existence here comfortable and happy. I would like to write to them all individually but writing paper does not permit me. Things aren’t too badly now with our little group of 17, but being a new working party, the supplies have been short as it takes them quite a while to come from the Stalag. The wood is all pine and spruce and quite small, so it is not too hard, but healthy.

I have had a lot to do for myself, being the senior N.C.O. and commander of the party. It makes extra. It seems that every night I have to get the interpreter and get something thrashed out which takes lots of brain work in a place like this. But I must not complain though, as it is such a relief to be unchained. I guess I will have to bring this to a close for this time, so again please than everyone for their kindness.

CPL. HARRY WM. MANCHESTER

In Camp Stalag VIIIB, Germany.


Source: Newspaper Clipping – Letter From Germany – September 14, 1942
Source Note(s):

The Windsor Daily Star, May 13, 1943.

Related Item(s):

Art_1942-05-??

Historical Note


Narrowly Escaped Drowning

Harry William Manchester Escaped Drowning

These sober-faced lads, Harry Manchester, 13, and Wilbur Rigg, 14, were saved from drowning at the Bridge Avenue Bathing Beach yesterday afternoon, a few seconds after another lad, Lloyd Rigg, 13, had sank to death. The boys had been playing on a raft. Almost exhausted, they were pulled onto the diving board by a male bather. Wilbur tried to rescue his brother, but his strength was not equal to the task.

Editor’s Note: Harry William Manchester is at left.


Source: The Border Cities Star, July 16, 1931
Source Note(s):

Extracted from a clipped newspaper article.

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Historical Note


Letter From Germany – Forwards POW Letter

Mrs. Elton Newman Forwards a Letter From War Prisoner Harry William Manchester to The Windsor Daily Star, printed May 13, 1943.


Transcription:

Forwards Letters From War Prisoner

Editor, The Windsor Star,

Sir: I have copied a letter from Cpl. Harry William Manchester, Stalag VIIIB, Germany, to Miss Onnellee Rewis (Ed. note: actually, “Onnellee Reive”), Kingsville.  I wondered if you would please print it in your paper, so everyone may be thanked for all they’ve done for our brother while he is in Germany.

MRS. ELTON NEWMAN, R.R. 2, Ruthven, Ont.


Dearest Onnellee:

This is my first chance to write you this month, so you can imagine how anxious I am to get at it.  I have received quite a number of letters this month, also four Christmas cards.  A lot of letters from you.  I also received 1,000 cigarets from the Windsor Smokes Fund and receive my first personal parcel February 11.

Please thank your grandmother and everyone else who has helped to make my existence here comfortable and happy.  I would like to write to them all individually but writing paper does not permit me.  Things aren’t too badly now with our little group of 17, but being a new working party, the supplies have been short as it takes them quite a while to come from the Stalag.  The wood is all pine and spruce and quite small, so it is not too hard, but healthy.

I have had a lot to do for myself, being the senior N.C.O. and commander of the party.  It makes extra.  It seems that every night I have to get the interpreter and get something thrashed out which takes lots of brain work in a place like this.  But I must not complain though, as it is such a relief to be unchained.  I guess I will have to bring this to a close for this time, so again please thank everyone for their kindness.

CPL. HARRY WM. MANCHESTER

In Camp Stalag V-IIIB, Germany

 

   End of Transcription   

 

 


Source: The Windsor Daily Star, printed May 13, 1943.
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Historical Note


The Essex Scottish Regiment Heraldry

Regiment adopts Highland dress and is renamed the Essex Scottish (High­landers) under the command of Lt.-Col. Alan Prince, great-grandson of Col. John Prince. The official tartan is the McGregor, named for Lt.-Col. Wal­ter McGregor, whose family founded Ford of Canada and who supplied the funds for the new uniforms. The regi­mental crest has a red shield with three white sea axes — symbol of Es­sex County, England, the motto Semper Paratus (Always Ready) and a lion’s head at the top. The Highland Laddie is the regimental quick march.


Source: The editors at HarryManchester.com
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Historical Note


Initial POW Notification

The notification that Harry William Manchester was being held as a prisoner of war (POW) came through the International Red Cross in Geneva, Switzerland. The handwritten notes (below) were in Harry’s correspondence archive held by his sister, Mrs. Elton Newman of Cottam, Ontario.

The initial notification to Harry’s family that he is being held as a prisoner of war in Germany:

 

Initial POW Notification for Harry William Manchester

 

Content:  "Care of Agence. (small air-mail) Central des Prisoniers de Querre Geneva Switzerland Tobacco may be sen as before through tobacco companys but not by individuals small air mail letters should be used and no enclosure permitted. Later ord-nary mail"  The source of this initial notification is unknown, but probably came from the regimental headquarters of the Essex Scottish Regiment in Windsor, Ontario, Canada, in late August or September 1942.

 

Content:  "Received telegram from Int Red Cross L-C Harry W Manchester Provost Can. was.  Official work has been Received L.C H W M Canadian Provost as a prisoner of war in Germany"  The source of this initial notification is unknown, but probably came from the regimental headquarters of the Essex Scottish Regiment in Windsor, Ontario, Canada, in late August or September 1942.

 


Source: Artifact collection maintained by Mrs. Elton Newman of Cottam, Ontario, Canada.
Source Note(s):

The original notification consists of a hand-written note, unsigned and undated; circa September 1, 1942.

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Historical Note


POW List Climbs Above 230

The Windsor Daily Star news article of Oct 1, 1942, listing additional known POWs captured on the Dieppe Raid. Acting L/Cpl Harry William Manchester, 783 Walker Road [Windsor, Ontario] is listed.

Transcription of News Article:

List Climbs Above 230

Number of Scottish Held Prisoner by Nazis Increases

More than 230 men of the Essex Scottish Regiment previously reported missing in action, following Dieppe are now listed as prisoners of war, according to information being received by relatives here from the International Red Cross.

Telegrams are continuing to arrive at homes in the Windsor district, bringing the glad news that a son or husband is alive—somewhere in Germany.

MANY PRISONERS

Over 500 members of the regiment were reported missing after Dieppe. Reports to date indicate that at least half this number were taken prisoners. In estimating the number of Scottish held as prisoners, allowance must be made for the fact that the families of some Scottish members do not live in this district and The Star as a result, has not yet been advised of word received through the Red Cross.

Relatives of men of the Essex Scottish Regiment who have received official notice of men who are now prisoners of war are asked to communicate by mail with Lieutenant-Colonel J. E McCorkell, commanding officer of the First Reserve Battalion of the Essex Scottish Regiment, at the Windsor Armories.

KEEPING LIST

For the purpose of maintaining a complete list of men of the regiment now prisoners of war, Lieutenant-Colonel McCorkell is anxious to have complete details of name, rank, regimental number, prisoner number and name of the prison camp.

Included in the list to date are 24 officers of the regiment. Major John A. Willis, reported “missing, believed killed,” and Lieutenant Alfred Douglas Green, reported missing, have not been reported prisoners to date. Another Scottish officer, Lieutenant James Palms, of Detroit, was reported killed and reports of the attack contained special mention of his bravery as he led his men up the Dieppe beach.

Other Windsorites who were with the Royal Canadian Engineers in the Dieppe raid were reported as prisoners today.

New additions to the list of prisoners are as follows:

LATEST REPORTED

Sergt. John Worth Henley, 1222 Argyle road
L Sergt. James William Scott, 1097 Moy avenue.
Pte. Clarence Judd, Tilbury.
Pte. Eugene Labonte, Tilbury,
Pte William Schramek, Tilbury.
Sapper Ernest Lafaive, 793 Parent avenue.
Sapper James Patterson Sheppard, 420 Church street
Pate George L. Browning, 1500 Francols road.
Acting L -Cpl. Harry William Manchester, 783 Walker road.
Pte. Alfred Greenwood, 925 Sandwich street east.

***End of Transcription ***


Source: The Windsor Daily Star news article of Oct 1, 1942.
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Historical Note


Essex Scottish Preparation to Deploy Overseas

The Essex Scottish Regiment and other regiments of the Second Canadian Infantry Division assembled their troops at Camp Borden, Ontario in late May, in preparation for shipment to England. Henceforth, Harry William Manchester’s letters are sent from Camp Borden.


Source: The editors at HarryManchester.com
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Historical Note


Harry William Manchester Shipped Out to England

Harry William Manchester shipped out to England with the Essex Scottish Regiment and the Second Canadian Infantry Division in July. The Regiment departed Camp Borden, Ontario, on July 14, by train, heading east to Halifax, Nova Scotia. Harry and the Essex Scottish Regiment arrived in Halifax on July 16th.


Source: The editors at HarryManchester.com
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Historical Note


Harry William Manchester Arrived in England

Harry William Manchester arrived in England (probably the Aldershot garrison) on the afternoon of August 3rd.


Source: The editors at HarryManchester.com
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Historical Note


Harry William Manchester Working as a Military Policeman

Harry William Manchester informs his sister, La Verne Woods, in his August 23rd letter, that he is now working in the Military Police.


Source: The editors at HarryManchester.com
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Historical Note


The Essex Scottish Regiment Deploys Overseas

Harry William Manchester shipped out to England with the Essex Scottish Regiment and the Second Canadian Infantry Division in July. The Regiment departed Camp Borden, Ontario, on July 14, by train, heading east to Halifax, Nova Scotia. Harry and the Essex Scottish Regiment arrived in Halifax on July 16th.


Source: The editors at HarryManchester.com
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Historical Note


Canadian Active Service Force

“C.A.S.F.”

The Canadian Active Service Force (CASF) was the field force raised by the Canadian Army in the Second World War. Legally, it was distinct from the Permanent Active Militia and the Non-Permanent Active Militia, and a soldier had to be attested for service. The CASF had its own standards for enlistment and began recruiting on 1 Sep 1939.

The term CASF was deleted in late 1940, and the term Canadian Army (Active) was used to represent full-time military units.

The Canadian Active Service Force was officially mobilized on 1 Sep 1939.

This content re-published with permission from www.canadiansoldiers.com, with our gratitude. Licensing and copyright of www.canadiansoldiers.com content remain in effect for this re-published content.


Source: The editors at HarryManchester.com
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Historical Note


Historical Note-H.M.T. Empress of Australia Message, Berthing, and Mess Cards – July 23, 1940

With his letter to his sister, Mrs. Elton Newman of Ruthven, Ontario, dated October 16, 1940, Harry William Manchester enclosed several information cards distributed on the transport ship for the Trans-Atlantic crossing of The Essex Scottish Regiment. The regiment shipped on the R.M.S Empress of Australia, from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

These cards rendered important information about the timing and details of that crossing.

The cards are annotated as follows:

1. Reverse of Message:
Message To C.A.S.F. Convoy – July 23, 1940

H.M.T. Empress of Australia Information Card, July 23, 1940 during the Atlantic crossing from Halifax, Nova Scotia to Scotland.
Annotated by Harry William Manchester:
This was our convoy
Empress of Australia
Monarck of Bermuda
Duchess of York
Antonia
Samaria
Revenge
Emerald
Two Polish ship that I can’t think of their names

Save this too

2. Reverse of Berthing Card:

Empress of Australia
Left Borden July 14th
arrived in Halifax July 16th
Left Halifax July 23rd
arrived in Scotlane 2nd
” ” Aldershot 4th

3. Reverse of Mess Card:

Empress of Australia


Messages – Obverse

Information Card To C.A.S.F. Convoy - July 23, 1940

Messages – Reverse

Berthing Card – Obverse

H.M.T. Empress of Australia Berthing Card, July 1940, obverse.

Berthing Card – Reverse

Mess Card – Obverse

Mess Card – Reverse

 

 


Source: H.M.T. Empress of Australia Message, Berthing, and Mess Cards – July 23, 1940
Source Note(s):

These information cards were issued to the soldiers of the Essex Scottish Regiment upon embarking the H.M.T. Empress of Australia for the Trans-Atlantic crossing to the United Kingdom, July 1940. The cards were subsequently mailed to Mrs. Elton Newman of Cottam, Ontario, Canade, by Harry William Manchester in his letter of October 16,1940.

Reverse of Message:
Message To C.A.S.F. Convoy – July 23, 1940

H.M.T. Empress of Australia Information Card, July 23, 1940 during the Atlantic crossing from Halifax, Nova Scotia to Scotland.
Annotated by Harry William Manchester:
This was our convoy
Empress of Australia
Monarck of Bermuda
Duchess of York
Antonia
Samaria
Revenge
Emerald
Two Polish ship that I can’t think of their names

Save this too

Reverse of Berthing Card:

Empress of Australia
Left Borden July 14th
arrived in Halifax July 16th
Left Halifax July 23rd
arrived in Scotlane 2nd
” ” Aldershot 4th

Reverse of Mess Card:

Empress of Australia

Related Item(s):

ED-BLK_1940-10-16-1
Art_1940-10-16
Art_1940-07-23-a
Art_1940-07-23-b
Art_1940-07-23-c

Historical Note


Life of M.P. Is Busy One

Newspaper Article from Mrs. Mary Hutzel about Lance Corporal Harry William Manchester’s military police duty in Southern England, circa 1941.

Newspaper clipping reprinting Harry William Manchester's letter to his Aunt Mary Hutzel, circa 1942.


Source: The Artifact Collection of Mrs. Elton Newman, of Cottam, Ontario, Canada.
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Historical Note


Essex Scottish Regimental Advance Party Departs for England

The “advance party” of the Essex Scottish Regiment departed Camp Borden, Ontario, for England on June 5, 1940. An advance party precedes the movement of the regiment so as to prepare facilities for the arrival of the regiment at its destination; in this instance, Warburg Barracks, Aldershot, England.


Source: Source: The editors at HarryManchester.com
Source Note(s):

Harry William Manchester mentions the movement of the “advance team” in his letters of June 1st and 4th, 1940. (Art_1940-06-01 and Art_1940-06-04)

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*** End of List ***